|Alberta and Saskatchewan - House of Commons - 3/3
||This volume contains the House of Commons Debates from 1869 to 1903, which provided the context for the heated 1905 debates.
|Alberta and Saskatchewan - House of Commons Debate
||The provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were both created in 1905. The debate in the House of Commons concerning their creation was one of the longest and most heated in the history of the Confederation Debates. These debates were so long that we have split them into two sections!
|Alberta and Saskatchewan - House of Commons Debate (continued)
||The second half of the House of Commons' debates concerning Alberta and Saskatchewan.
|British Columbia - House of Commons Debate
||British Columbia entered Confederation in 1871. The deal, including a transcontinental railway, was not popular with all Canadians. Read the debates to find out whether politicians from your area supported the terms of union.
|British Columbia - Legislative Council
||When considering the negotiated terms of union in 1870, British Columbia's Legislative Assembly weighed the merits of joining Confederation and securing a rail link to the rest of Canada against pursuing closer ties with the US. For many, the best choice was far from obvious.
|Erasmus - Buffalo Days and Nights
||Peter Erasmus was a Métis translator who spoke over six different languages. Hired by Cree Chiefs Mistawasis and Ahtahkakoop as an interpreter for the Treaty 6 negotiations at Fort Carlton. Erasmus was one of the most capable translators present, and his account remains a critical record of the proceedings.
|Les débats français Québec-Ontario
||En 1865, le Québec et l’Ontario (le Canada-Est et le Canada-Ouest) sont regroupés au sein d’une seule colonie dotée d’une Assemblée législative. Les débats parlementaires présentent des arguments favorables et critiques du projet de Confédération. Ceci est l'édition française des débats. L'édition anglaise est aussi disponible.
|Manitoba - House of Commons Debate
||Canada's House of Commons debated the Red River Resistance and the creation of Manitoba between 1869 and 1870. NOTE: the French translation of the debate has been greyed out here so that English speakers can transcribe the debates with confidence. The French edition will be posted with the English blanked out as soon as the debates from Quebec are fully transcribed.
|Morris - The Treaties of Canada
||Learn about the negotiation of the Numbered Treaties on the Canadian Prairies in the years that immediately followed Confederation by transcribing pages from Alexander Morris' first-hand account.
|New Brunswick Debate
||The only province to reject Confederation in an election, New Brunswick's debates between 1865 and 1867 are among the most exciting! Note, due to the low-quality of the records, our OCR software struggled to accurately read the texts. If you find inaccurate text, just delete it and type in the right words!
|Newfoundland - House of Commons Debates
||Newfoundland participated in the 1865 negotiations, but did not join Confederation until 1949. The House of Commons' debates on Newfoundland's entry provide interesting insights into how the rest of Canada's views on the Atlantic Dominion shifted over time.
|Newfoundland - Legislative Assembly Debates
||Newfoundland was one of the provinces that rejected Confederation during the 1860s. Over the years, its legislature debated the controversial question several times.
|Newfoundland National Convention Pt 1
||Newfoundland suffered immense hardship during the 1930s, and was subsequently governed by a commission of government supported by the British parliament. After the Second World War, it was time for Newfoundland to determine its political future. The National Convention, which sat from 1946 to 1948, investigated virtually every aspect of Newfoundland's situation, and debate whether to join Confederation. These records were edited by J.K. Hiller and M.F. Harrington.
|Newfoundland National Convention Pt 2
||The second half of the National Convention's debates concerning Newfoundland's future. These records were edited by J.K. Hiller and M.F. Harrington.
|North-West Legislative Assembly
||The North-West secured responsible local government in 1897. During the years that followed, its Legislative Assembly, located in Regina, repeatedly demanded provincial status for the region. These debates are some of the most vehement in our collection.
|Nova Scotia Debate
||After the fall of Leonard Tilley's pro-Confederation government in New Brunswick in March 1865, Charles Tupper and his government treaded carefully. Transcribe these documents to learn how Tupper and his supporters kept the anti-Confederates from gaining the upper hand.
|Ontario-Quebec English Debate
||Ontario and Quebec (or as they were then known, Canada-West and Canada-East) shared common legislatures in 1865. Their debate of the terms of union provides some of the most compelling defences and critiques of the terms of union. This is the English edition of the debate. The French debate is posted separately.
|Prince Edward Island - House of Commons
||Several years passed before Prince Edward Island joined Confederation. Read these debates to learn what the rest of the country thought about the small island's demands.
|Prince Edward Island - Legislative Assembly Debate
||Most of Prince Edward Island's politicians were unsatisfied by the 1865 terms of union, so they initially rejected Confederation and held out for better terms. Read these debates to learn about the Island's demands, as well as whether its politicians succeed in getting what they wanted.